What is Autism?
Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social communication and interaction, as well as the individual's behaviors and interests. It is a spectrum disorder, meaning that the symptoms and severity can vary widely between individuals. Common signs of autism include difficulty with eye contact, language delays or difficulties in social communication, repetitive behaviors or routines, and sensitivity to sensory input such as light or sound. The exact causes of autism are not fully understood, but genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role. While there is no cure for autism, early intervention and support can greatly improve outcomes for individuals with the disorder.
What is Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome, also known as Trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by an extra copy of the 21st chromosome. This results in developmental delays and physical characteristics such as almond-shaped eyes, a small nose, and a flattened facial profile. Individuals with Down syndrome often have intellectual disabilities, ranging from mild to moderate, and may have health issues such as heart problems, hearing loss, and vision problems. However, with early intervention, education, and support, many individuals with Down syndrome can lead fulfilling lives and achieve their potential.